Currently we can find many programming languages in the job market but the following languages are finding wide attention among the developers.
Python is a high level, object oriented and interpreted programming language. Python is a simple and minimalistic language. Python is extremely easy to get started with. Python has an extraordinarily simple syntax.Due to its open-source nature, Python has been ported to many platforms. It first appeared in 1991 and has become extremely popular among data scientists. Its popularity in data science and machine learning has helped to grow extremely fast.
Python has become on demand language for data analysis. With data-focused libraries like pandas, NumPy, and matplotlib, anyone familiar with Python’s syntax and rules can deploy it as a powerful tool to process, manipulate, and visualize data
Stack Overflow determined that the volume of visitors to question about Python on their site is increasing more rapidly than any other, giving Python a claim to being the fastest-growing major programming language in the world.
Java is a programming language in the tradition of C and C++. Java, is a versatile language which was developed by Sun Microsystems (acquired by Oracle now) and was first released in 1995.Java has become popular due to its platform independency, which indicates that Java programs can run on different types of computers. A Java program runs on any computer with a Java Runtime Environment, also known as a JRE installed.
Java is inherently object-oriented, which means that Java programs are made up of objects. Java comes with a library of classes that provide commonly used utility functions that most Java programs can’t do without. This class library, called the Java API, is as much a part of Java as the language itself.
PHP is one of the most admired and popular server side scripting languages which are widely used for creating websites. PHP is one of the most sought after languages in the current job market.PHP is a very flexible, loosely typed language. This makes it very easy to pick up and start writing, but also very easy to write poorly.
But when written using the following methodologies such as DRY, SOLID and MVC, it is a very powerful, diverse and fast language with a lot to offer.
C# is a modern object-oriented programming language developed in 2000 by Anders Hejlsberg at Microsoft as a rival to Java. C# has grown quickly since it was first created, with extensive support from Microsoft helping it to gain a large following; it is now one of the most popular programming languages in the world.
It is a general-purpose language designed for developing apps on the Microsoft platform and requires the .NET framework on Windows to work. C# can be used to create almost anything but is particularly strong at building Windows desktop applications and games. C# can also be used to develop web applications and has become increasingly popular for mobile development too. Cross-platform tools such as Xamarin allow apps written in C# to be used on almost any mobile device.
Being powerful, flexible, and well-supported has meant C# has quickly become one of the most popular programming languages available.
R by contrast is a language specifically for data science, and its high ranking here reflects both the critical importance of data science as a discipline today, and R as the language of choice for data scientists. Data miners use it for developing statistical software and data analysis.
R has strong package system and charting benefits. R is extensible and offers rich functionality for developers to build their own tools and methods for analyzing data.
Apple’s programming language Swift is only four years old and has gained much popularity like its predecessor Objective C Language. Swift is the fastest growing language used in iPhone, Apple Watch, Macintosh computers, and even web applications.
Today, Android development has been in huge demand as far as the IT industry is concerned and therefore, it becomes really important for us to be aware of the working of Android OS. Now Kotlin has been a preferred programming language instead of JAVA for Android OS Development and has become so popular among the developers in a short time span.
Boilerplate code is one of the greatest features that comes with Kotlin, which reduces 20% of the coding.Kotlin is multi platform with the release of Kotlin JS used for front end development. Finally Kotlin has become a go-to choice of developers for Android App Development.